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Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscides. Traditionally, two species were known, the African elephant (Loxodonta Africana) and the Asian elephant (Elapses Maximus), although some evidence suggests that African bush elephants and African forest elephants are separate species (L. Africana and L. cyclotis respectively). Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Southeast Asia. They are the only surviving proboscides, although several extinct species have been identified, including the elephants’ close relatives, the mammoths.